Expert winter skin care tips for your kids

Baby’s skin is naturally hydrated and moist and natural products provide gentle care required to preserve the softness of the baby’s skin.

During winter, your baby needs extra care and attention to prevent seasonal illness as the cold season is known to make their skin dry that can lead to diaper rash, rough cheeks, flaky skin and scalp. So, give your little bundle of joy extra care. Ranjan Pejawar, Bangalore based paediatrician outlines the common skin problems that babies face during winter:

Diaper Rash:

Wearing a diaper of the wrong size and friction generally causes diaper rashes.

Rough, Red Cheeks:

Chapped skin is basically dry skin that becomes inflamed due to irritation caused by friction from clothing and runny nose.


Babies with eczema have insufficient skin surface for holding moisture. Like regular dry skin, dermatitis tends to erupt during winter.

“Baby’s skin is naturally hydrated and moist and natural products provide gentle care required to preserve the softness of the baby’s skin,” says Prathibha, Ayurveda Expert, R&D, The Himalaya Drug Company.

She suggested few methods that can protect your baby’s skin from the harsh winter:

  • Give an oil massage to your baby before a bath to nourish your baby’s skin
  • Give your baby a massage 2-3 times daily with an oil infused with Winter Cherry to improve skin tone and soothe baby skin.
  • During winter, avoid giving baby a head bath every day and use only lukewarm water for the daily bath. Hot water may hurt the protective layer of your baby’s skin.
  • Choose a moisturiser that contains the goodness of Olive oil and Almond oil which improves skin softness.
  • Use a diaper rash cream infused with Almond Oil and Yashada Bhasma to protect your baby’s bottom from the irritating rashes.
  • Choose a mild and gentle shampoo/soap which is enriched with herbs and is from parabens and alcohol.
  • Use a baby bath with ingredients like Chickpea, Fenugreek and Green Gram to retain the natural oils in baby’s skin.

Also read : Benefits of Yoga Therapy

Back to All

About Dr Bedekar Hospital For Women And Children in Thane:

Dr Bedekar Hospital Thane Offers New Born Baby care clinic in Thane. Do Get in Touch to Book Appointment With Our Experienced Team of Doctors.

Talk to Us On 022 2542 1438 / 9820913256 Or Email Us At

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Semen Analysis – Everything about sperm & infertility (Part 2)

Sperm Motility:

(whether the sperm are moving well or not ). The quality of the sperm is often more significant than the count. Sperm motility is the ability to move. Sperm are of two types – those which swim, and those which don’t. Remember that only those sperm which move forward fast are able to swim up to the egg and fertilise it – the others are of little use. Motility is graded from a to d, according to the World Health Organisation (WHO) Manual criteria , as follows. Grade a (fast progressive) sperm are those which swim forward fast in a straight line – like guided missiles. Grade b (slow progressive) sperm swim forward, but either in a curved or crooked line, or slowly (slow linear or non linear motility) . 

Grade c (nonprogressive) sperm move their tails, but do not move forward (local motility only). Grade d (immotile ) sperm do not move at all . Sperm of grade c and d are considered poor. Why do we worry about poor motility ? If motility is poor, this suggests that the testis is producing poor quality sperm and is not functioning properly – and this may mean that even the apparently normal motile sperm may not be able to fertilise the egg.

Sperm shape:

(whether the sperm are normally shaped or not – what is called their form or morphology. Ideally, a good sperm should have a regular oval head, with a connecting mid-piece and a long straight tail. If too many sperms are abnormally shaped (round heads; pin heads; very large heads; double heads; absent tails) this may mean the sperm are abnormal and will not be able to fertilise the egg

Many labs use Kruger “strict ” criteria ( developed in South Africa ) for judging sperm normality. Only sperm which are “perfect” are considered to be normal. A normal sample should have at least 15% normal forms (which means that even upto 85% abnormal forms is considered to be acceptable!) Some men are infertile because most of their sperm are abnormally shaped . This is called teratozoospermia (terato=monster).

Sperm clumping or Agglutination:

Under the microscope, this is seen as the sperm sticking together to one another in bunches. This impairs sperm motility and prevents the sperm from swimming upto through the cervix towards the egg.

Putting it all together, one looks for the total number of “good” sperm in the sample – the product of the total count, the progressively motile sperm and the normally shaped sperm. This gives the progressively motile normal sperm count which is a crude index of the fertility potential of the sperm. Thus, for example, if a man has a total count of 40 million sperm per ml; of which 40% are progressively motile, and 60% are normally shaped; then his progressively motile normal sperm count is : 40 X 0.40 X 0.60 = 9.6 million sperm per ml. If the volume of the ejaculate is 3 ml, then the total motile sperm count in the entire sample is 9.6 X 3 = 28.8 million sperm.

Whether pus cells are present or not:

While a few white blood cells in the semen is normal, many pus cells suggest the presence of seminal infection. Many labs will mis-report round cells seen in the semen as being pus cells and doctors will then try to treat this “infection” with antibiotics !

Some labs use a computer to do the semen analysis. This is called CASA, (computer assisted semen analysis). While it may appear to be more reliable (because the test has been done “objectively” by a computer), there are still many controversies about its real value, since many of the technical details have not been standardised, and vary from lab to lab.

A normal sperm report is reassuring, and usually does not need to be repeated. If the semen analysis is normal, most doctors will not even need to examine the man, since this is then superfluous. However, remember that just because the sperm count and motility are in the normal range, this does not necessarily mean that the man is “fertile”. Even if the sperm display normal motility, this does not always mean that they are capable of “working” and fertilising the egg. The only foolproof way of proving whether the sperm work is by doing IVF (in vitro fertilization) !

Overtreating a semen analysis report

Sadly, we see many men with completely normal semen analysis reports who have taken months of futile treatment ! Some doctors will “treat” a few pus cells in the semen with antibiotics – claiming that the pus cells suggest an infection ! Others will even try to treat a normal sperm count with medicines, claiming that their treatment will help to “boost” the sperm count and thus the man’s fertility !

Azoospermia (no sperm in the semen)

About 10% of infertile men will have no sperm at all in the semen. This is called azoospermia . The conditions which cause azoospermia can be classified into 3 groups – pre-testicular, testicular and post-testicular. An example of azoospermia because of pretesticular disease is hypogonadotropic hypogonadism, where the testis does not produce sperm because of the absence of production of gonadotropins by the pituitary.

Consequently, even though the testes are normal, no sperm are produced because of the absence of the needed hormonal stimulation. In testicular conditions, the testis does not produce sperm because of testicular failure (end-organ damage). In these men, the testicular damage is so severe that no sperm are found in the semen. This is also called non-obstructive azoospermia, and an example of this is Klinefelter’s syndrome. In post-testicular conditions, even though sperm are being produced normally in the testes, the outflow passage is blocked (ductal obstruction or obstructive azoospermia)

If a semen report shows azoospermia, then it needs to be rechecked. The lab should be instructed to centrifuge the sample in order to look carefully for sperm. A close analysis of the report will often help the doctor to differentiate between non-obstructive and obstructive azoospermia . Thus, if the semen volume is low, the pH is acidic and the fructose is negative, then this is likely to be due to an obstruction at the level of the ejaculatory duct. If sperm precursor cells (immature sperm cells) are seen in the sample on careful microscopic examination, then this clearly means that the problem is not because of an obstruction.

We request men with azoospermia to provide a sequential ejaculate for semen analysis – two samples, produced 1-2 hours apart. Occasionally, in men with non-obstructive azoospermia, the second sample may show a few sperm, because it is “fresher”.

A FSH level test in the blood ( as described in the next chapter) is also helpful in differentiating between obstruction and testicular failure. If the FSH level is high, it means the problem is testicular failure. If, on the other hand, the FSH level is normal, then a testis biopsy is needed to come to the correct diagnosis.

Rarely, some men will not be able to ejaculate at all. This is called aspermia , and their semen volume is zero. While this is sometimes because of a psychologic problem (because the man cannot achieve an orgasm inspite of being able to get an erection), the commonest reason for this is condition is retrograde ejaculation.

Poor sperm tests can result from incorrect semen collection technique, if the sample is not collected properly, or if the container is dirty too long a time delay between providing the sample and its testing in the laboratory too short an interval since the previous ejaculation recent systemic illness in the last 3 months (even a flu or a fever can temporarily depress sperm counts)

If the sperm test is abnormal, this will need to be repeated 3-4 times over a period of 3-6 months to confirm whether the abnormality is persistent or not . Don’t jump to a conclusion based on just one report – remember that sperm counts do tend to vary on their own ! It takes six weeks for the testes to produce new sperm – which is why you need to wait before repeating the test. It also makes sense to repeat it from another laboratory to ensure that the report is valid.

Also read: Semen Analysis in Thane – Semen Analysis – Everything about sperm & infertility (Part 1)

About Dr Bedekar Fertility Solution and IVF Clinic Thane:

Dr Bedekar Fertility Solution and IVF Clinic Thane is One of Best Semen Analysis in Thane, Mumbai. 
We Provide Treatment for IVF, ICSI, (IUI), Surrogacy, Egg Donation, Semen Analysis, TESE / PESA etc.

5 Common Signs of Infertility in Men and Women

Signs and Symptoms of Infertility

Signs and symptoms of infertility are often related to other underlying conditions. For example, 10 to 15 percentTrusted Source of untreated chlamydia cases will lead to pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). PID leads to a blockage of the fallopian tubes, which prevents fertilization.

There are numerous conditions that can contribute to infertility in men and women. The signs and symptoms of each can vary greatly. If you’re concerned, it’s important to consult with your doctor.

Common symptoms of infertility include the following.

Common Signs of Infertility in Women

1. Irregular periods

The average woman’s cycle is 28 days long. But anything within a few days of that can be considered normal, as long as those cycles are consistent. For example, a woman who has a 33-day cycle one month, a 31-day cycle the next, and a 35-day cycle after that, is probably having “normal” periods.

But a woman whose cycles vary so greatly that she can’t even begin to estimate when her period might arrive is experiencing irregular periods. This can be related to hormone issues, or to polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS). Both of these can contribute to infertility.

2. Painful or heavy periods

Most women experience cramps with their periods. But painful periods that interfere with your daily life may be a symptom of endometriosis.

3. No periods

It’s not uncommon for women to have an off month here and there. Factors like stress or heavy workouts can cause your period to temporarily disappear. But if you haven’t had a period in months, it’s time to get your fertility checked

4. Symptoms of hormone fluctuations

Signs of hormone fluctuations in women could indicate potential issues with fertility. Talk to your doctor if you experience the following:

  1. skin issues
  2. reduced sex drive
  3. facial hair growth
  4. thinning hair
  5. weight gain

5. Pain during sex

Some women have experienced painful sex their entire lives, so they’ve convinced themselves it’s normal. But it’s not. It could be related to hormone issues, to endometriosis, or to other underlying conditions that could also be contributing to infertility.

Common Signs of Infertility in Men

1. Changes in sexual desire

A man’s fertility is also linked with his hormone health. Changes in virility, often governed by hormones, could indicate issues with fertility.

2. Testicle pain or swelling

There are several different conditions that could lead to pain or swelling in the testicles, many of which could contribute to infertility.

3. Problems maintaining erection

A man’s ability to maintain an erection is often linked to his hormone levels. Reduced hormones may result, which could potentially translate into trouble conceiving.

4. Issues with ejaculation

Similarly, an inability to ejaculate is a sign that it might be time to visit a doctor.

5. Small, firm testicles

The testes house a man’s sperm, so testicle health is paramount to male fertility. Small or firm testicles could indicate potential issues that should be explored by a medical practitioner.

Also read: Best Fertility Clinic in Thane explains the FAQs of Infertility

About Dr Bedekar Fertility Solution and IVF Clinic Thane:

Dr Bedekar Fertility Solution and IVF Clinic Thane is One of Best Infertility Treatments for Women and Men in Thane, Mumbai. 
We Provide Treatment for IVF, ICSI, (IUI), Surrogacy, Egg Donation, Semen Analysis, TESE / PESA etc.


An increasing number of women in their late 30s and early 40s are presenting to me with mastitis. Very often, these ladies have received treatment with no results, or have undergone abscess drainage following mastitis, with recurrent symptoms.

One needs to know what mastitis really means.

Mastitis refers to any inflammation in the breast.

It is generally unilateral and may or may not be associated with the typical signs accompanying an inflammation, such as redness, fever or malaise.

Pain and swelling are the only findings. Sometimes, a patient may have these symptoms occurring insidiously over quite some time, with some relief after taking medicines.

Mastitis may be infective (less common) or non infective (more common).

Infective mastitis requires antibiotics and abscess drainage if there is pus formation.

If the pus culture shows tuberculosis, then anti- tuberculosis therapy has to be started.

Newer tests, like the Gene- expert test for tuberculosis is helping us in improving our diagnostic capabilities.

In non infective mastitis, a biopsy may be required along with the other microbiological tests to rule out infective etiology.

Idiopathic granulomatous mastitis (IGM)

This difficult term is used to denote an even more difficult problem to treat.

IGM is a diagnosis of exclusion, once we have ruled out all other causative factors.

The diagnosis is solely based on the pathology findings which is similar to that seen in tuberculosis, minus the hallmark findings of tuberculosis ( caseation necrosis and acid fast bacilli).

The treatment of IGM is quite different as well. To simply put it, IGM is a condition where there is chronic inflammation in the absence of an infective agent, similar to some autoimmune diseases.

Treatment of IGM consists of steroid administration, which may be prolonged.

In some patients, surgery may be required, especially if there is abscess formation.

The treatment is often long drawn and requires a lot of patience and compliance. Inadequate treatment can often lead to recurrence, which may be even more difficult to treat.

Also read: Gynaecomastia

About Dr Bedekar Fertility Solution and IVF Clinic Thane:

Dr Bedekar Fertility Solution and IVF Clinic Thane is One of Best Breast Cancer Hospital In Thane, Mumbai. 
We Provide Treatment for IVF, ICSI, (IUI), Surrogacy, Egg Donation, Semen Analysis, TESE / PESA etc.


As the name suggests, gynaecomastia refers to an abnormal enlargement of the male breasts.

Normally, men tend to have some amount of breast tissue, which increases in proportion to overall body fat. An obese person will hence have more breast tissue, compared to a thin individual.

Gynaecomastia becomes a problem when it starts interfering with a person’s body image, making him uncomfortable around his peers, while swimming, gymming or may interfere with his relationship with his spouse or fiancee.

​This condition may be secondary to several causes, or may be completely idiopathic (cause unknown).

  1. In either case, we may need to perform a few tests, to come to a diagnosis.
  2. More often than not, gynaecomastia is idiopathic ie, the exact cause is unknown.
  3. Sometimes, it may be secondary to long term medications, hormonal disturbances, or less commonly, testicular tumors. In such cases, the cause needs to be treated first.
  4. In idiopathic gynaecomastia, surgical treatment is very successful and extremely satisfying. It is often performed as a day care procedure and the recovery is generally very quick.
  5. However, care should be taken that the person continues to be physically active post surgery and maintains his weight, in order to prevent a recurrence.

Also read: Breast Cancer! I can’t possibly get it!!

About Dr Bedekar Fertility Solution and IVF Clinic Thane:

Dr Bedekar Fertility Solution and IVF Clinic Thane is One of Best Gynecologist in Thane, Mumbai. 
We Provide Treatment for IVF, ICSI, (IUI), Surrogacy, Egg Donation, Semen Analysis, TESE / PESA etc.

Surrogacy – A Fertility Treatment Option

Advancement in science is providing help to many individuals and couples who crave the responsibility of a child, but, for various reasons, may not be able to conceive or carry one. Whether it is single men who want biological children, couples who have medical issues, or someone who has another reason altogether, the answer for all of them is surrogacy. Read on for all you need to know about this method of childbirth.

What is Surrogacy?

Many couples, who are facing fertility issues nowadays, are opting for surrogacy to start their family. When another woman carries and delivers your baby, it is called surrogacyThe woman who carries and gives birth to your baby is known as a surrogate mother (or simply a surrogate) and can be your relative, friend or an anonymous volunteer. The surrogacy process is an extremely complex legal process which can not only be emotionally intense but also require a lot of patience, time and money. It is very important to understand all the pros and cons of the procedure before going for it. If all the aspects of surrogacy, such as legal, financial and medical are taken care of, then surrogacy is one of the best fertility options available today.

​Who Can Benefit From Surrogacy?

You may benefit from surrogacy if:

  •  Your medical condition makes pregnancy and birth, fatal for you
  •  You are born without a uterus
  •  You have undergone uterus removal surgery or hysterectomy
  •  You have had recurrent abortions
  •  Your uterus has abnormality or unusual shape
  •  You have had no success with other fertility treatments (like IVF)

The Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) states that you may opt for surrogacy if it is medically impossible for you as a couple to carry a baby.

How Does Surrogacy Work?

Surrogacy works in following ways:

1. Natural Or Straight Surrogacy :

The intended dad’s sperm is artificially inseminated through IUI into the surrogate mother. Natural or straight surrogacy uses the host’s uterus and eggs. After birth, the baby is handed over to the intended parents and the surrogate mother terminates her parental rights.

2. Gestational Or Host Surrogacy :

When a donated embryo is carried by a surrogate up to the term, it is called Gestational or host surrogacy. In this case, you are the biological parents of your baby.

3. Altruistic Surrogacy :

The host receives no financial benefit from this kind of surrogacy and only receives allowable expenses.

4. Commercial Surrogacy :

When on top of allowable expenses a separate fee is also paid for the services rendered by the surrogate, it is called commercial surrogacy.

How to Find and Choose a Surrogate Mother

You may ask a friend or relative to be a surrogate mother for your baby. It is one of the best ways to find a surrogate, as it not only reduces the legal hassles associated with surrogacy but also cuts down the cost.

You may also contact various surrogacy agencies to arrange a surrogate for you. The agency makes arrangement for a surrogate and also acts as an intermediary for passing on various medical expenses and fees between you and the surrogate.

Surrogacy and its Legal Issues

There are many issues associated with legal surrogacy and a legal surrogate. It is very important to seek expert legal advice on this matter. If you plan for surrogacy in another country, you should be aware of surrogacy law of that country.

How to Prepare for Surrogacy

You can prepare for surrogacy by:

  • Preparing yourself emotionally for the changes that will follow after the birth of your baby, such as waking up at night, change in social life, sharing responsibilities with your partner etc.
  • Making arrangements to welcome your baby into the house. You may do up your baby’s room, buy stroller, crib, clothes and other essentials for your baby.
  • Join parenting classes to prepare yourself for the baby’s arrival.
  • Reading about parenting and childcare.

​What Screening Test is Required?

The following screening tests may be required for a surrogate mother:

  • Medical screening will be done to ascertain any sexually transmitted disease. The lab and physical tests may include HIV, Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C, RH factor, Herpes, and Syphilis etc. Other blood and urine tests also may be conducted.
  • The health of the uterus is determined by conducting Pap smear.
  • A mock cycle is performed to check the response of uterine lining to hormone replacement.
  • HCG will be performed to check the size of the uterus and the passage of the fallopian tubes.
  • A pelvic examination is also performed to determine the length and direction of the uterine cavity.
  • Apart from various physical and medical tests, psychological testing is also done to check the determination and ability of the surrogate to carry on the surrogacy.

What is the Success Rate?

It is very difficult to determine the actual success rate of surrogacy as there are a number of factors associated with it. If you get a volunteer surrogate, who becomes pregnant through the fertility treatment and carries your baby for the full, you will be successful, however, the same procedure may fail for others.

Advantages of Surrogacy

Surrogacy has great advantages to couples who cannot conceive biologically, as it provides you with a chance to have a baby who is (genetically) partially or completely yours. You may also get closely involved during the pregnancy and birth of your baby.

Disadvantages of Surrogacy

Some of the disadvantages associated with surrogacy are:

  • It involves complicated legal and medical procedures.
  • It is difficult to find a clinic that supports surrogacy.
  • It is difficult to reconcile with the various choices of the surrogate, such as managing diet, pregnancy and labour

Problems Associated With Surrogacy

One of the main concerns or problems associated with surrogacy is, whether or not this procedure is fair to the surrogate mother? It is generally feared that the surrogate mother may become attached to the baby she is carrying. However, if proper bonding and relationship with the commissioning couple is maintained throughout the pregnancy, this problem can be kept at bay.

What Does Surrogacy Cost?

The surrogacy cost can vary and depends on various factors, such as:

  • The cost of the donor (sperm or egg)
  • The surrogate mother cost
  • The cost of embryo implantation
  • The cost of your infertility treatment (ICSI or IVF to create an embryo)

Surrogacy Vs Adoption

Surrogacy has many benefits in comparison to adoption, as surrogacy allows either or both the partners to be the genetic parents of the child. Though surrogacy laws are different for different countries; surrogacy does not involve expensive and extensive procedures like adoption. You do not need to qualify to be surrogate parents, unlike in adoption.

Surrogacy is an effective way of becoming parents if you are unable to become parents naturally. However, it is recommended to be thorough with all the legal, financial and medical issues before opting for this fertility treatment option.

Also read: The Pros and Cons of Surrogacy For Surrogates

About Dr Bedekar Fertility Solution and IVF Clinic Thane:

Dr Bedekar Fertility Solution and IVF Clinic Thane is One of Best Surrogacy Clinic in Thane. 
We Provide Treatment for IVF, ICSI, (IUI), Surrogacy, Egg Donation, Semen Analysis, TESE / PESA etc.

Best Fertility Clinic in Thane explains the FAQs of Infertility

Infertility is not an inconvenience; it is a disease of the reproductive system that impairs the body’s ability to perform the basic function of reproduction.

What is Infertility?

Infertility is the result of a disease (an interruption, cessation, or disorder of body functions, systems, or organs) of the male or female reproductive tract which prevents the conception of a child or the ability to carry a pregnancy to delivery. The duration of unprotected intercourse with failure to conceive should be about 12 months before an infertility evaluation is undertaken, unless medical history, age, or physical findings dictate earlier evaluation and treatment.

​How common is infertility?

Infertility affects 10%-15% of couples. This makes it one of the most common diseases for people between the ages of 20 and 45. In addition, the longer a woman tries to get pregnant without conceiving, the lower are her chances to get pregnant without medical treatment. Most (85%) couples with normal fertility will conceive within a year of trying. If a couple doesn’t conceive in the first year, their chance of conceiving gets lower each month. This happens more quickly as the woman gets older.

What Causes Infertility?

Infertility is the inability to conceive after 12 months of unprotected intercourse. This means that a couple is not able to become pregnant after a year of trying. However, for women aged 35 and older, the inability to conceive after 6 months is generally considered infertility. 

No one can be blamed for infertility any more than anyone is to blame for diabetes or leukemia. In rough terms, about one-third of infertility cases can be attributed to male factors and about one-third to factors that affect women. For the remaining one-third of infertile couples, infertility is caused by a combination of problems in both partners or, in about 20 percent of cases, is unexplained.

How is Infertility Diagnosed?

Couples are generally advised to seek medical help if they are unable to achieve pregnancy after a year of unprotected intercourse. The doctor will conduct a physical examination of both partners to determine their general state of health and to evaluate physical disorders that may be causing infertility. Usually, both partners are interviewed about their sexual habits in order to determine whether intercourse is taking place properly for conception.

If no cause can be determined at this point, more specific tests may be recommended. For women, these include an analysis of body temperature and ovulation, x-ray of the fallopian tubes and uterus, and laparoscopy. For men, initial tests focus on semen analysis.

How is Infertility Treated?

Most infertility cases — 85 to 90 percent — are treated with conventional therapies, such as drug treatment or surgical repair of reproductive organs.

What is In Vitro Fertilization?

In infertile couples where women have blocked or absent fallopian tubes, or where men have low sperm counts, in vitro fertilization (IVF) offers a chance at parenthood to couples who until recently would have had no hope of having a “biologically related” child.

In IVF, eggs are surgically removed from the ovary and mixed with sperm outside the body in a Petri dish (“in vitro” is Latin for “in glass”). After about 40 hours, the eggs are examined to see if they have become fertilized by the sperm and are dividing into cells. These fertilized eggs (embryos) are then placed in the woman’s uterus, thus bypassing the fallopian tubes.

​What if my eggs don’t fertilize?

Most eggs will fertilize when they are placed in a culture dish with several thousand normal sperm. This process is called “in vitro fertilization” or “IVF.” When there are not enough normal functioning sperm for IVF, fertilization will usually occur after a single live sperm is injected into each egg, termed “intracytoplasmic sperm injection” or “ICSI.” On rare occasions, fertilization does not occur even with ICSI, presumably because of a problem inherent to either eggs or sperm. In these cases, the use of donor sperm or donor eggs will usually result in fertilization. Your fertility specialist and IVF laboratory personnel will help you determine which approach is most likely to result in egg fertilization.

What impact does infertility have on psychological well-being?

Infertility often creates one of the most distressing life crises a couple has faced. The long-term inability to conceive a child can evoke significant feelings of loss. Coping with the multitude of medical decisions and the uncertainties that infertility brings can create great emotional upheaval for most couples. Many couples experience anxiety, depression, and feelings of being out of control or isolated.

Also read: Am I at Risk for Fertility Problems?

About Dr Bedekar Fertility Solution and IVF Clinic Thane:

Dr Bedekar Fertility Solution and IVF Clinic Thane is One of Best Fertility Clinic in Thane, Mumbai. 
We Provide Treatment for IVF, ICSI, (IUI), Surrogacy, Egg Donation, Semen Analysis, TESE / PESA etc.

Am I at Risk for Fertility Problems?

Some people with fertility problems never even know it until they try to have a baby. That’s because oftentimes infertility issues don’t have symptoms. So whether you’re actively trying to have children or just planning to in the future, it’s good to know if anything you or your partner are doing might reduce your chances of getting pregnant. 

While you can’t control everything that might affect your fertility, there are some things you can.

Risk Factors for Infertility

Men and women are equally at risk for fertility problems. In about one-third of cases, both partners have issues, or doctors can’t find the cause.

Some of the factors that affect a couple’s ability to have a baby include: 

Age. A woman is born with a set number of eggs. That number drops as she ages, making it harder for her to get pregnant after she reaches her mid-30s. By 40, her chances of getting pregnant drop from 90% to 67%. By age 45, it’s just 15%. A man is less fertile after age 40. 

Can you lower your risk? Sort of. When you’re ready to have children, don’t wait. The younger you are the better.

Smoking. If you smoke tobacco or marijuana, you’re less likely to get pregnant. Tobacco and marijuana can increase a woman’s chance of miscarriage, and decrease sperm count in men. Smokers also hit menopause about 2 years earlier than non-smokers. It can also cause erectile dysfunction (ED).

Can you lower your risk? Yes. Don’t smoke or use tobacco products of any kind.

Drinking alcohol. Doctors now say there’s no safe amount of alcohol women can drink during pregnancy. It can lead to birth defects. It may also lower your chances of getting pregnant and drinking heavily can decrease sperm count in men.

Can you lower your risk? Yes. Men and women should avoid alcohol when trying to conceive.

Weight. Women who are overweight can have irregular periods and skip ovulation. But women who are extremely underweight can also have problems — their reproductive systems can shut down completely. Men who are obese can have lower-quality sperm or ED.

Also read: The Pros and Cons of Surrogacy For Surrogates

About Dr Bedekar Fertility Solution and IVF Clinic Thane:

Dr Bedekar Fertility Solution and IVF Clinic Thane is One of Best Fertility Clinic in Thane, Mumbai. 
We Provide Treatment for IVF, ICSI, (IUI), Surrogacy, Egg Donation, Semen Analysis, TESE / PESA etc.

Benefits of Yoga Therapy

Yoga therapy is a type of therapy that uses yoga postures, breathing exercises, meditation, and guided imagery to improve mental and physical health. The holistic focus of yoga therapy encourages the integration of mind, body, and spirit. Modern yoga therapy covers a broad range of therapeutic modalities, incorporating elements from both physical therapy and psychotherapy.


Yoga therapy is a growing field and scientific evidence has begun to emphasize its efficacy. It is used to treat existing mental and physical health issues, but can also be used as a self-care strategy for prevention and maintenance. 

Yoga therapy is well established as a treatment for depression and anxiety. A meta-analysis cited in the Primary Care Companion for CNS Disorders found that yoga therapy also shows promise for the treatment of posttraumatic stress (PTSD) and schizophrenia. Additionally, yoga therapists have begun to develop treatment modalities to suit children with autism. The book Yoga Therapy for Children with Autism and Special Needs, written in 2013 by yoga teacher Louise Goldberg, is already considered a critical text for novice and experienced yoga therapists alike.

According to a 2012 article in Social Work Today magazine, yoga therapy is also emerging as an effective treatment for substance abuse issues. Mental health professionals point out the way yoga positively impacts the parts of the mind and body susceptible to addiction. Studies have shown that yoga boosts the neurotransmitter GABA (gamma-aminobutyric acid),which is important because GABA levels are statistically low in people who experience substance abuse, anxiety, and depression.

Because of its concentration on mind and body integration, yoga therapy is also used to address many physical health issues. It has been effectively used to treat back pain, heart conditions, asthma, chronic fatigue, hypertension, multiple sclerosis, and side effects of chemotherapy.


Yoga therapy is practiced in a wide range of formats. Physical therapists, for example, often implement yoga techniques in their delivery of massage and other treatments. Yoga therapy practice can resemble physical therapy, rehabilitative therapy, and/or psychotherapy. Unlike a standard yoga class, yoga therapy sessions are typically conducted in one-on-one or small group settings. Yoga therapy can be provided as an adjunct therapy to complement other forms of treatment, or it can be used to directly treat a specific issue. Yoga techniques range from simple to advanced, and can be enjoyed by people of all ages.


Yoga therapy is rooted in the ancient practice of yoga, which originated thousands of years ago in India. Yoga made its way to the United States in the late 1800s, but yoga therapy emerged in a formal manner in the 1980s as the result of a study conducted by Dr. Dean Ornish. The study illustrated how the implementation of a healthy lifestyle program could reverse heart disease. Ornish’s program included therapeutic yoga and was the first of its kind to highlight the benefits of using yoga in this way. This program for treating heart disease was approved for insurance coverage in 1990 and it marked the beginning of the medical field’s acceptance of yoga as a treatment option.

In 1983, the Biomedical Yoga Trust was founded to further develop and standardize the field of yoga therapy. The International Association of Yoga Therapists (IAYT) was founded in 1989 and has since hosted yoga conferences, published the Journal of the International Association of Yoga Therapists, and contributed to the creation of yoga therapy training standards. Both organizations have facilitated research to explore the extent of yoga therapy’s potential.


When a person decides to initiate yoga therapy, the therapist will first conduct an initial assessment. This assessment is designed to do the following:

  • Identify health problems
  • Assess lifestyle and physical capability
  • Discuss reasons for seeking therapy
  • Create a course of treatment

Once the treatment plan is established in this first consultation, the frequency of sessions is agreed upon and sessions are scheduled. From this point, therapy sessions will most likely include the following components:

Breathing Exercises (Prayanama):

The therapist will guide the person in therapy through a series of breathing exercises ranging from energizing breaths to balancing breaths.

Physical Postures (Asana):

‎The therapist will teach the person in treatment appropriate yoga poses that address problem areas. For example, the “Legs Up the Wall” pose is used to treat things like anxiety and insomnia. In this pose, the person lays on his or her back with legs positioned up against the wall.


‎ Relaxation and mindfulness are the focus of meditation when it is combined with yoga poses.

Guided Imagery:

‎The yoga therapist attempts to calm the body and mind by providing a guided visualization intended to bring inner peace.


An important element for any yoga practice is to find a way to incorporate it into daily life. Yoga therapists provide instructions on how to use what has been learned in treatment at home.

Also read : The early warning Signs of Breast Cancer

About Dr Bedekar Hospital For Women And Children in Thane:

Dr Bedekar Hospital Thane Offers Diet Consultancy and Yoga Therapy Classes For Pregnant Women. Do Get in Touch to Book Appointment With Our Experienced Team of Doctors.

Talk to Us On 022 2542 1438 / 9820913256 Or Email Us At

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Semen Analysis – Everything about sperm & infertility (Part 1)

The most important test for assessing male fertility is semen analysis. It needs to be done by experts and analysed in detail.

The man’s only contribution to making a baby is producing healthy motile sperm ; and depositing it in the vagina at the right time. But what are sperm ? And how does your doctor check whether your sperm are fine or not.?

Sperm are the male reproductive cells – the man’s gametes. They are the smallest cells in the human body and are produced in the testes. They find their way out through the male reproductive tract and are ejaculated in the semen.

The most important test for assessing male fertility is the semen analysis. The fact that it is so inexpensive can be misleading, because many patients (and doctors ! ) feel that it must be a very easy test to do if it is so cheap, which is why they get it done at the neighbourhood lab. However, its apparent simplicity can be very misleading, because in reality it requires a lot of skill to perform a semen analysis accurately. However, it is very easy to do this test badly (as it often is by poorly trained technicians in small laboratories), with the result that the report can be very misleading – leading to confusion and angst for both patient and doctor.

This is why it is crucial to go to a reliable andrology laboratory , which specialises in sperm (Sperm Video) testing, for your semen analysis, since the reporting is very subjective and depends upon the skill of the technician in the lab.

Some men try to judge their fertility by the thickness of their semen. It’s not possible to do this, so don’t worry if you think your semen is too “thin” or too fluid..!!

For a semen analysis, a fresh semen sample, not more than half an hour old is needed, after sexual abstinence for at least 3 to 4 days. The man masturbates into a clean, wide mouthed bottle which is then delivered to the laboratory.

Providing a semen sample by masturbation can be very stressful for some men – especially when they know their counts are low; or if they have had problems with masturbation “on demand” for semen analysis in the past. Men who have this problem can and should ask for help. Either their wife can help them to provide a sample _ or they can see sexually arousing pictures or use a mechanical vibrator to help them get an erection. Some men also find it helpful to use liquid paraffin to provide lubrication during masturbation. For some men, using the medicine called Viagra can help them to get an erection, thus providing additional assistance. If the problem still persists, it is possible to collect the ejaculate in a special silicone condom (which is non-toxic to the sperm and is available from our online store) during sexual intercourse, and then send this to the laboratory for testing.

The semen sample must be kept at room temperature; and the container must be spotlessly clean. If the sample spills or leaks out, the test is invalid and needs to be repeated. Except for liquid paraffin, no other lubricant should be used during masturbation for semen analysis – many of these can kill the sperm. It is preferable that the sample is produced in the clinic itself – and most infertility centres will have a special private room to allow you to do so – a “masturbatorium”.

How is the test performed in the laboratory?

After waiting for about 30 minutes after ejaculation, to allow the semen to liquefy, the doctor will check the semen.

Volume of the ejaculate:

While a lot of men feel their semen is “too little or not enough” , abnormalities of volume are not very common. They usually reflect a problem with the accessory glands – the seminal vesicles and prostate – which are what produce the seminal fluid. Normal volume is about 2 to 6 ml. A low volume (less than 1 ml) is an uncommon problem, and is often due to incomplete ejaculation (which is not rare because of the stress of producing a sample in the lab !) or spillage. Since the major portion of the ejaculate is produced in the seminal vesicles, a persistently low volume is because of a problem with seminal vesicle function – either absence of the seminal vesicles, or an ejaculatory duct obstruction. A very high volume surprisingly will also cause problems, because this dilutes the total sperm present, decreasing their concentration.


During ejaculation the semen spurts out as a liquid which gels promptly. This should liquefy again in about 30 minutes to allow the sperm free motility. If it fails to do so, or if it is very thick in consistency even after liquefaction, this suggests a problem most usually one of infection of the seminal vesicles and prostate.


Normally the pH of semen is alkaline because of the seminal vesicle secretion. An alkaline pH protects the sperm from the acidity of the vaginal fluid. An acidic pH suggests problems with seminal vesicle function , and is usually found in association with a low volume of the ejaculate and the absence of fructose.

Presence of a sugar called fructose:

This sugar is produced by the seminal vesicles and provides energy for sperm motility. Its absence suggests a block in the male reproductive tract at the level of the ejaculatory duct.

Microscopic examination:

The most important test is the visual examination of the sample under the microscope. What do sperm look like ? Sperm are microscopic creatures which look like tiny tadpoles swimming about at a frantic pace. Each sperm has a head, which contains the genetic material of the father in its nucleus; and a tail which lashes back and forth to propel the sperm along. The mid-piece of the sperm contains mitochondria, (the power house of the sperm) which provide the energy for sperm motion.

Ask to see the sperm sample for yourself under the microscope – if normal, the sight of all those sperm swimming around can be very reassuring . You are likely to be awestruck by the massive numbers and the frenzy of activity. If the test is abnormal, seeing for yourself gives you a much better idea of what the problem is ! A good lab should be willing to show you, and to explain the problem to you.

Sperm count(concentration):

First the doctor checks to see if there are enough sperm. This is done using a specially calibrated counting chamber. If the sample has less than 20 million sperm per ml, this is considered to be a low sperm count. The new WHO criteria suggest that even a sperm count of more than 15 million per ml is normal and men with this count should be considered as being fertile. Less than 10 million is low – and less than 5 millipn per ml is very low.

The technical term for this is oligospermia (oligo means few). Some men will have no sperm at all and are said to be azoospermic. This can come as a rude shock because the semen in these patients looks absolutely normal it is only on microscopic examination that the problem is detected.

Also read: Natural Ways to Boost Fertility (Part: One)

About Dr Bedekar Fertility Solution and IVF Clinic Thane:

Dr Bedekar Fertility Solution and IVF Clinic Thane is One of Best Semen Analysis in Thane, Mumbai. 
We Provide Treatment for IVF, ICSI, (IUI), Surrogacy, Egg Donation, Semen Analysis, TESE / PESA etc.

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